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Beyond Ainu StudiesChanging Academic and Public Perspectives$
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Mark J. Hudson, Ann-Elise Lewallen, and Mark K. Watson

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780824836979

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824836979.001.0001

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Trade and the Paradigm Shift in Research on Ainu Hunting Practices

Trade and the Paradigm Shift in Research on Ainu Hunting Practices

(p.136) 9 Trade and the Paradigm Shift in Research on Ainu Hunting Practices
Beyond Ainu Studies

Deriha Kōji

ann-elise lewallen

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter argues that the early twentieth-century Japanese-language research on Ainu hunting practices, couching analysis in the “ethnographic present,” branded Ainu society as “eternally primitive.” Anxiety about the loss of scientific knowledge as they witnessed Ainu hunters acquiesce to assimilation policies spurred researchers before the 1940s to filter archaeological data through the lens of extant hunting practices. More recent scholarship has focused on exchange theory and given greater attention to individual strategizing in measuring historical subsistence needs against trade demands. The chapter raises the question of periodization and urges future scholars to think carefully about the shifts from one period to another, including technological change, environmental conditions, and the political economy of the Ainu social environment.

Keywords:   Japanese-language, Ainu hunting, ethnographic present, eternally primitive, periodization, Ainu social environment

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