The Tobacco Syndemic
This concluding chapter asserts that tobacco was an important item of trade during all four periods of globalization in Oceania. Europeans brought it to East and Southeast Asia, and once it was introduced tobacco entered traditional trading networks in what are now Indonesia, the Philippines, and Papua New Guinea. As European colonists and mercantile firms moved into the Pacific Islands, tobacco was an item of demand that figured importantly in the economic exchanges they had with Islanders. Overall, the production of cigarettes, the coercion of advertising and purchase of political influence, and the destruction of Islanders' health and lives all have contributed to the emergent tobacco syndemic in Oceania.
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