- Title Pages
OneChinese Private Maritime Trade and Global Integration
TwoReconsidering Overseas Trade
ThreeThe Northeast Asian Trade Network, the Manchu Procommerce Tradition, and the 1684 Open-Door Trade Policy
FourEnriching the State by Cherishing Private Trade
FiveSeparating Trade from Tribute
SixThe Establishment of the Qing Maritime Customs System and the Growth of Private Trade
SevenEconomic Interests, Security Concerns, and the Tribute System
EightThe Kangxi Emperor Bans Trade with Southeast Asia
NineWestern Merchants, Local Interests, and Christian Penetration
- About the Author
- Production Notes
- The Qing Opening to the Ocean
- University of Hawai'i Press
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