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Diversity in DiasporaHmong Americans in the Twenty-First Century$
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Mark Edward Pfeifer, Monica Chiu, and Kou Yang

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780824835972

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824835972.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use.date: 25 September 2021

An Analysis of Poverty in Hmong American Communities

An Analysis of Poverty in Hmong American Communities

Chapter:
(p.66) 3 An Analysis of Poverty in Hmong American Communities
Source:
Diversity in Diaspora
Author(s):

Yang Sao Xiong

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824835972.003.0003

This chapter investigates the causes of and solutions to socioeconomic immobility in the Hmong American community. It assesses the key factors that make poverty an enduring problem for Hmong in two central California counties by collecting their own views about poverty and economic well-being and strategies for counteracting economic hardship. The chapter argues that the conditions of poverty in Hmong American communities are better explained by “segmented assimilation theory” than by “culture of poverty” arguments. Furthermore, it suggests that the segmented assimilation theory can be strengthened by clarifying how key institutions in the contexts of reception facilitate or constrain individuals' opportunities. The chapter finds that one small step toward combating poverty here emerges through political advocacy that exists Hmong American communities.

Keywords:   socioeconomic immobility, poverty analysis, poverty, economic hardship, segmented assimilation theory, culture of poverty

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