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Luminous BlissA Religious History of Pure Land Literature in Tibet$
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Georgios T. Halkias

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780824835903

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824835903.001.0001

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Pure Lands and the Tibetan Empire

Pure Lands and the Tibetan Empire

(p.35) Chapter Two Pure Lands and the Tibetan Empire
Luminous Bliss

Georgios T. Halkias

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter outlines the avenues through which Buddhism was transplanted to Central Asia. The place is of unparalleled importance for the growth and spread of Buddhist communities and cultures under various political regimes, at different times, and among people of diverse ethnicities: Chinese, Tibetans, Khotanese, Tokharians, Sogdians, Uighurs, and Turks. In particular, the Tibetan presence in the Tarim basin led to the development of Central Asian Buddhism, which fostered the movement of Chinese and Central Asian Buddhist missionaries and traders arriving at the newly formed religious center at bSam-yas and the vibrant markets of Lhasa. This historical milieu witnessed the finest expression of Chinese and Tibetan forms of Pure Land worship across the oasis states of the Taklamakan desert.

Keywords:   Buddhism, Lhasa, Tibetan, Tarim, Buddhist missionaries, Central Asia

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