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One and ManyA Comparative Study of Plato's Philosophy and Daoism Represented by Ge Hong$
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Ji Zhang

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824835545

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824835545.001.0001

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Two Forms of Enlightenment

Two Forms of Enlightenment

(p.91) Chapter 5 Two Forms of Enlightenment
One and Many

Ji Zhang

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter initially looks at various passages mainly in the Republic to understand the theory of Forms that defined ontology in degrees, with an intent to identify the antithesis of transcendence and immanence. The second part of the chapter follows Plato's intellectual ladder and determines the idea of the Good. It represents the ontological cause of Forms and the epistemological state of enlightenment. However, the Good in itself is also the one and the many problem. The problem seems to be an epistemological difficulty in having a knowledge path between the mind and Forms. The content of Platonic Good is the timeless order of republican society ruled by philosopher-kings; whereas for Ge Hong, the longevity of a person and a dynasty are akin to be in accordance with the Dao.

Keywords:   theory of Forms, the Republic, transcendence, immanence, enlightenment, Platonic Good, philosopher-kings, Ge Hong, Dao

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