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One and ManyA Comparative Study of Plato's Philosophy and Daoism Represented by Ge Hong$
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Ji Zhang

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824835545

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824835545.001.0001

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Plato’s Answer to the Pre-Socratic Debate

Plato’s Answer to the Pre-Socratic Debate

Chapter:
(p.32) Chapter 2 Plato’s Answer to the Pre-Socratic Debate
Source:
One and Many
Author(s):

Ji Zhang

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824835545.003.0002

This chapter examines the historical connections between Plato and the pre-Socratics through the study of the Parmenides. Among all of Plato's dialogues, Parmenides is traditionally regarded as one of the most difficult books for two main reasons: Plato's employment of the Parmenidean logic, and his hidden intention in writing the book, which has been interpreted from being a masterpiece of metaphysics to a humbling self-criticism. Against this complex background, the starting point is to understand the philosopher Parmenides in the pre-Socratic debate of the one and the many, and his influence on Plato that led to the book Parmenides. Under the influence of analytical philosophy, Platonic scholarship tends to treat the “one and the many” as a logical problem and pays great attention to the logical aspect of the ontological problem.

Keywords:   Plato, Parmenides, Pre-Socratics, Parmenidean logic, one and many, analytical philosophy

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