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Cultures of CommemorationThe Politics of War, Memory, and History in the Mariana Islands$
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Keith L. Camacho

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824835460

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824835460.001.0001

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Loyalty and Liberation

Loyalty and Liberation

(p.20) Chapter 1 Loyalty and Liberation
Cultures of Commemoration

Keith L. Camacho

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines the origins and impact of the notions of loyalty and liberation among the Chamorro people in the Mariana Islands in the time before World War II, with particular emphasis on colonial and indigenous efforts to produce the so-called “loyal Chamorro subject.” The chapter first considers the politics of American colonialism in Guam and of Japanese colonialism in the Northern Marianas before exploring how the colonial governments of Japan and the United States fostered notions of loyalty among the Chamorros of the Mariana Islands and among their colonized subjects more generally. It also explains how the establishment of two competing notions of colonial loyalty affected the cross-cultural and intracultural relations among Chamorros as well as their sense of agency and collectivity. It shows that prewar memories of peace worked to conceal what was, in reality, a violent era of American and Japanese colonialisms in the Mariana Islands.

Keywords:   loyalty, liberation, Mariana Islands, World War II, Chamorro people, American colonialism, Guam, Japanese colonialism, intracultural relations, Chamorros

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