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Confluences of Medicine in Medieval JapanBuddhist Healing, Chinese Knowledge, Islamic Formulas, and Wounds of War$
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Andrew Edmund Goble

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824835002

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824835002.001.0001

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Engaging Song Medical Knowledge

Engaging Song Medical Knowledge

(p.113) Epilogue Engaging Song Medical Knowledge
Confluences of Medicine in Medieval Japan

Andrew Edmund Goble

University of Hawai'i Press

This epilogue offers a number of broader observations relating to the appropriation, testing, and refining of Song medical knowledge by focusing on Kajiwara Shōzen. It first considers some issues related to the transmission and appropriation of book knowledge and some of the things that Shōzen gained from Song-era Chinese medicine. It then explores issues relevant to the clinical engagement of that new knowledge and describes the process of inquiry. It also discusses the interaction of Buddhist and Chinese systems of explanation, citing an example where Song medicine was confirmed by reference to a Buddhist understanding and another example where Buddhist understanding was superseded by a Chinese understanding. For Shōzen, the major explanatory challenge involving karma related to rai; despite the notion of karma being so fundamental to Buddhism, he concluded that a Song medical explanation was a superior model for a disease that had been previously understood in terms of basic Buddhist textual teaching.

Keywords:   medical knowledge, Kajiwara Shōzen, Chinese medicine, karma, rai, Buddhism, Song medicine

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