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Confluences of Medicine in Medieval JapanBuddhist Healing, Chinese Knowledge, Islamic Formulas, and Wounds of War$
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Andrew Edmund Goble

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824835002

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824835002.001.0001

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Warfare, Wound Medicine, and Song Medical Knowledge

Warfare, Wound Medicine, and Song Medical Knowledge

(p.89) Chapter 5 Warfare, Wound Medicine, and Song Medical Knowledge
Confluences of Medicine in Medieval Japan

Andrew Edmund Goble

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines the emergence of wound medicine as a medical specialty in response to the eruption of violence and warfare in Japan in the early fourteenth century, with particular emphasis on factors that shaped the availability and reception of Song medical knowledge. It begins by discussing the new warfare environment from the 1330s that arose after the destruction of the Kamakura bakufu. It then provides an overview of wound medicine prior to the 1330s and goes on to consider sources of knowledge for wound medicine, along with various items of materia medica mentioned in wound medicine texts such as Sanyin fang. It also explores how Song-era Chinese medicine influenced Japanese wound medicine. The chapter shows that physicians in medieval Japan gained experience in treating wounds by extrapolating from generic knowledge and that Song medicine provided—courtesy of Sanyin fang—a conceptual basis for wound medicine where one did not exist before.

Keywords:   wound medicine, violence, warfare, medieval Japan, medical knowledge, materia medica, Sanyin fang, Chinese medicine, physicians, Song medicine

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