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Confluences of Medicine in Medieval JapanBuddhist Healing, Chinese Knowledge, Islamic Formulas, and Wounds of War$
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Andrew Edmund Goble

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824835002

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824835002.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use.date: 18 October 2021

A Silk Road of Pharmaceuticals and Formulas

A Silk Road of Pharmaceuticals and Formulas

(p.46) Chapter 3 A Silk Road of Pharmaceuticals and Formulas
Confluences of Medicine in Medieval Japan

Andrew Edmund Goble

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines the pharmaceutical aspects of the new knowledge available in the East Asian macroculture and how Kajiwara Shōzen benefited from access to and information about materia medica transported along the so-called Pharmaceutical Silk Road. The chapter first considers the increasing availability of overseas materia medica as well as the technical challenges faced by Shōzen in trying to understand formulas and materia medica. It then discusses some of the changes in Chinese medicine between the Tang and Song eras and the influence of Islamic medicine on Song medicine. It also explores the new illness category of disorders of qi and how it was understood by Shōzen. It concludes with some examples of Shōzen's use of formulas to illustrate how the preceding elements converged to influence Japanese medicine.

Keywords:   materia medica, East Asia, macroculture, Kajiwara Shōzen, Pharmaceutical Silk Road, formulas, Chinese medicine, Islamic medicine, disorders of qi, Japanese medicine

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