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Confluences of Medicine in Medieval JapanBuddhist Healing, Chinese Knowledge, Islamic Formulas, and Wounds of War$
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Andrew Edmund Goble

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824835002

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824835002.001.0001

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The Kamakura Context

The Kamakura Context

(p.1) Chapter 1 The Kamakura Context
Confluences of Medicine in Medieval Japan

Andrew Edmund Goble

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter considers how the Japanese city of Kamakura provided a conducive environment that made it possible for Kajiwara Shōzen to gain access to Song medical knowledge and to write his two landmark texts. It first compares attitudes to the outside world between Japan's aristocratic elite in the city of Kyoto and nonaristocrats near Hakata Bay on the southern island of Kyushu. It then looks the Buddhist networks that facilitated cultural and intellectual contacts, and especially how information about Chinese medicines circulated among monks over long distances and extended periods of time. It also examines the cult of the Mañjuśrī Bodhisattva and the Ritsu Precept sect, along with the medical facilities in Kamakura used by Shōzen for his activities. Finally, it discusses some aspects of the cosmopolitan milieu of Kamakura.

Keywords:   medical knowledge, Kajiwara Shōzen, Kamakura, aristocratic elite, Song medical knowledge, Buddhist networks, Chinese medicine, Mañjuśrī Bodhisattva, Ritsu Precept sect, medical facilities

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