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ParkscapesGreen Spaces in Modern Japan$
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Thomas R. H. Havens

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780824834777

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824834777.001.0001

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Visions of a Green Tokyo

Visions of a Green Tokyo

(p.85) Chapter 3 Visions of a Green Tokyo

Thomas R. H. Havens

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines visions of a green Tokyo that were stirred by the earthquake and fires of September 1923 through the American occupation of 1945–1952. It considers two visionary designs developed by planners in the Home Ministry and Tokyo prefectural government for the future metropolitan landscape, both of which incorporated public parks and other open spaces. Before discussing the impact of each vision on city planning in the postwar period, this chapter provides a background on the Kanto disaster that struck Tokyo on September 1, 1923. It explores how the disaster presented the opportunity to redefine public space in the capital region. It then considers the influx of private land donations for public use throughout the metropolitan region in the wake of the Kanto earthquake and fires, along with the Home Ministry's role in the establishment of a large number of city parks in the 1930s. It also describes the proposed green space plan for Tokyo, the postwar metamorphosis of green spaces into city parks, and the rebuilding of city parks from 1945 to 1955.

Keywords:   green space, Tokyo, Kanto earthquake, Home Ministry, public parks, open space, city planning, public space, city parks, private land donations

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