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Refiguring Women, Colonialism, and Modernity in Burma$
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Chie Ikeya

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824834616

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824834616.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Between Patriotism and Feminism

Between Patriotism and Feminism

Politicized and Organized Women

(p.75) 3 Between Patriotism and Feminism
Refiguring Women, Colonialism, and Modernity in Burma

Chie Ikeya

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines how feminism and patriotism came to intersect as Burmese women became increasingly politicized during the 1920s and 1930s. As wives and mothers of the nation, Burmese women were charged with the duty of safeguarding their home and family and raising their children to be devoted to their people and country. As daughters of the nation, they were urged to participate in legislative and party politics, university boycotts, labor strikes, and anticolonial protests. This chapter first provides an overview of women's movements and the political mobilization of women in Burma before discussing the dual obligations of women of the khit kala to the private and the public spheres of home and nation. It shows that the modern woman was expected to show her patriotism both privately and publicly and actually intervened in the sufferings of others as patriotic feminists.

Keywords:   feminism, patriotism, politics, women's movements, political mobilization, Burma, khit kala, modern woman, Burmese women

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