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Since MeijiPerspectives on the Japanese Visual Arts, 1868-2000$
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J. Thomas Rimer

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824834418

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824834418.001.0001

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Aspects of Twentieth-Century Crafts

Aspects of Twentieth-Century Crafts

The New Craft and Mingei Movements

(p.408) 15 Aspects of Twentieth-Century Crafts
Since Meiji

Chiaki Ajioka

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines modernity in Japanese craft during the twentieth century, with particular emphasis on the emergence of the New Craft movement (Shinkō kōgei undō) and the Mingei movement. The chapter focuses mainly on ceramics and begins with an overview of the craft industry during the Meiji period. It then considers the division of Japanese products into “art” and “craft,” along with Iwamura Tōru’s new ideas on craft which were published in the journal Bijutsu shinpō. It also looks at the pioneers of modern craft, the magazine Shirakaba; folk and earlier Japanese crafts as inspiration for modern crafts; the New Craft and Mingei movements, along with Yanagi Sōetsu’s Mingei theory; and the establishment of the Japan Folk Crafts Museum and the Ōhara Museum of Art. The chapter concludes with an assessment of postwar developments in Japanese crafts.

Keywords:   modernity, Japanese crafts, New Craft movement, Mingei movement, ceramics, craft industry, Iwamura Tōru, Yanagi Sōetsu, Japan Folk Crafts Museum, Ōhara Museum of Art

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