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Since MeijiPerspectives on the Japanese Visual Arts, 1868-2000$
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J. Thomas Rimer

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824834418

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824834418.001.0001

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The Modern Japanese Garden

The Modern Japanese Garden

(p.340) 13 The Modern Japanese Garden
Since Meiji

Toshio Watanabe

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines the modern Japanese garden to show how the meaning and significance of a garden could change with time and with different observers. The discussion is restricted to examples from about the 1860s to the 1960s. The term “modern” is used to refer to this particular period and is distinguished from the term “modernist,” which involves an artistic intentionality of being modern. The chapter includes not only modern gardens in Japan, but also “Japanese-style” gardens in Europe, the United States, the Japanese colonies, and elsewhere. It considers three categories of Japanese gardens: the peopled gardens, including private gardens and those found in public parks; the Japanese gardens abroad, showcased in international exhibitions; and the modernist gardens. It highlights the diversity of the modern Japanese garden, its connection with other art forms, and its transnational nature.

Keywords:   art, Japanese gardens, modern gardens, Japan, Japanese-style gardens, public parks, private gardens, international exhibitions, modernist gardens, peopled gardens

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