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Since MeijiPerspectives on the Japanese Visual Arts, 1868-2000$
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J. Thomas Rimer

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824834418

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824834418.001.0001

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The Expanding Arts of the Interwar Period

The Expanding Arts of the Interwar Period

(p.66) 3 The Expanding Arts of the Interwar Period
Since Meiji

Gennifer Weisenfeld

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines how the arts flourished in Japan during the interwar period. It first considers a range of Japanese artists who began forming local avant-gardist associations at the beginning of the 1920s, with particular emphasis on Mavo and its impact on the contemporary art establishment as well as the art criticism of the period. It then discusses the growth of artistic endeavors, led by Mavo artists, following the Great Kantō Earthquake that struck Tokyo in 1923. It then turns to the Third Section Plastic Arts Association, or Sanka, and its activities in the art world, along with the rise of the proletarian arts movement whose members included artists sympathetic to socialism. It also looks at the emergence of commercial art as a field of artistic practice that explicitly put aesthetics in the service of commerce. Finally, it describes the modernist art of a group of commercial designers and photographers called Nippon Kōbō (Japan Studio).

Keywords:   arts, Japan, Mavo, Great Kantō Earthquake, Sanka, arts movement, commercial art, aesthetics, modernist art, Nippon Kōbō

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