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Cultivating CommonsJoint Ownership of Arable Land in Early Modern Japan$
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Philip C. Brown

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824833923

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824833923.001.0001

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Adaptability, Survivability, and Persistent Influences

Adaptability, Survivability, and Persistent Influences

(p.171) 8 Adaptability, Survivability, and Persistent Influences
Cultivating Commons

Philip C. Brown

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter discusses the adaptability of joint ownership systems over time. This concept is partly tied to the place of tenants in these regimes. Many early modern and modern cultivators were either purely tenant farmers or owner tenants who cultivated some lands that they owned outright as well as lands that they rented from others. These two groups represented the vast majority of the agricultural population in late-sixteenth-century to early-twentieth-century Japan. In particular, the chapter examines the case where villagers decided to limit warichiuse to a particular part of the Kawaji village, discontinuing villagewide implementation. Kawaji first implemented warichiright after a 1682 domainwide survey that touched many Echigo villages.

Keywords:   joint ownership systems, cultivators, shareholders, farmers, agricultural population

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