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Cultivating CommonsJoint Ownership of Arable Land in Early Modern Japan$
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Philip C. Brown

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824833923

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824833923.001.0001

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Varieties and Extent of Joint Landownership

Varieties and Extent of Joint Landownership

(p.58) 4 Varieties and Extent of Joint Landownership
Cultivating Commons

Philip C. Brown

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter explores the diversity of joint ownership practice. Records compiled in the course of preparing for the Meiji Land Tax Reforms of the 1870s show practices that range from a variety of joint ownership regimes to multilayered fragmentation of rights to a single plot. Noted land tax reform scholar Fukushima Masao divided these practices into two broad categories: multilayered land rights and redistributive practices. This diversity in practices challenges some of the widespread beliefs about the relationship between specific rights in land and incentives: the belief that joint ownership necessarily entails inefficient, counterproductive incentive structures as well as beliefs about the relationship between joint ownership and environmental conditions.

Keywords:   joint ownership practice, Meiji Land Tax Reforms, joint ownership, Fukushima Masao, specific rights, incentives, environmental conditions

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