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Modern Buddhist Conjunctures in MyanmarCultural Narratives, Colonial Legacies, and Civil Society$
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Juliane Schober

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780824833824

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824833824.001.0001

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Buddhist Resistance against the State

Buddhist Resistance against the State

(p.99) 6 Buddhist Resistance against the State
Modern Buddhist Conjunctures in Myanmar

Juliane Schober

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter looks at the ways in which Buddhist identities helped mobilize resistance against the colonial government and against military regimes throughout the twentieth century. A common theme among those who had resisted the power of the state is the moral judgment they make concerning social and political contexts such as: economic deprivation, state coercion, access to education, and foreign influence. Nationalists as well as later protest movements have rallied around Buddhist ideals to express their opposition to the state. They mobilized communities to change political contexts both through nonviolent activism as well as by force. Partha Chatterjee observes that the discourse of nationalism encompasses material and spiritual concerns that map onto a dichotomy of outer and inner spaces, respectively.

Keywords:   Buddhist identities, colonial government, military regimes, moral judgment, economic deprivation, state coercion, education access, foreign influence, Partha Chatterjee

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