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Changing Contexts, Shifting MeaningsTransformations of Cultural Traditions in Oceania$
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Elfriede Hermann

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824833664

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824833664.001.0001

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Shanti and Mana

Shanti and Mana

The Loss and Recovery of Culture under Postcolonial Conditions in Fiji

Chapter:
(p.235) Shanti and Mana
Source:
Changing Contexts, Shifting Meanings
Author(s):

John D. Kelly

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824833664.003.0015

This chapter examines other forms of politics of cultural transformations in Fiji, contextualizing these within the postcolonial manifestations of global and local processes. It focuses on concepts of great relevance for political interactions between ethnic Fijians and Indo-Fijians: the Fijian “mana” (power) and the Hindu concept of “shanti” (peace). It proposes that mana and shanti have become dialogically entwined in postcolonial Fiji. Mana and shanti have locked in to a dialogical antithesis that no one anticipated, promoted, or welcomed. Shanti and mana capture and polarize ways of political, religious, and ethical being, frustrating deliberate efforts to move “toward a common future,” as the deliberately hopeful report of the 1997 constitutional commission was titled.

Keywords:   Fiji, cultural transformation, Fijians, Indo-Fijians, mana, shanti

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