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Destiny's LandfallA History of Guam, Revised Edition$
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Robert F. Rogers

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824833343

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824833343.001.0001

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Oasis in the Ocean 1698–1800

Oasis in the Ocean 1698–1800

(p.69) Chapter 5 Oasis in the Ocean 1698–1800
Destiny's Landfall

Robert F. Rogers

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines the conditions in the Marianas while under Spanish rule. The Spanish government in the Marianas was led by the gobernador político-militar, who combined all civil and military responsibilities in direct authoritarian rule. The governor issued orders by edicts (bandos) and also acted as judge and chief of police. The legal system of the Marianas, like the Philippines, came under the church’s ecclesiastical law as well as the Spanish civil and criminal code called the Law of the Indies, which had been created originally for the Spanish colonies in the Americas but was amended to apply to the Philippines and the Marianas as well. There was no separation of church and state. Spanish justice in the colonies employed retributive punishment, often severe. All this was normal in European colonies worldwide at the time.

Keywords:   Spanish rule, Spanish government, gobernador político-militar, ecclesiastical law, Law of the Indies, Spanish justice, Spanish colonies

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