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Destiny's LandfallA History of Guam, Revised Edition$
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Robert F. Rogers

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824833343

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824833343.001.0001

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Under the Organic Act 1950–1970

Under the Organic Act 1950–1970

(p.206) Chapter 13 Under the Organic Act 1950–1970
Destiny's Landfall

Robert F. Rogers

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter highlights the transformations taking place in Guam after the passage of the Organic Act, 1950. The Organic Act, passed by the U.S. Congress without a vote on it by the people of Guam, made Guamanians U.S. citizens, established civilian government, and remains the basic law of the island until the local people approve a constitution of their own. The first few years after passage of the Organic Act produced an intense but progressive governmental transformation on Guam. Prior to the act, the navy administered Guam as a military base with the island’s civil government of minor priority within the military chain of command in the Pacific under CINCPAC in Hawaiʻi. After the act, the island government’s responsibilities expanded with direct civilian links to the Congress and to the executive branch.

Keywords:   Organic Act, civilian government, governmental transformation, political developments, U.S. citizenship

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