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Japan to 1600A Social and Economic History$
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William Wayne Farris

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780824833251

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824833251.001.0001

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State and Society in an Age of Depopulation, 800–1050

State and Society in an Age of Depopulation, 800–1050

(p.53) 3 State and Society in an Age of Depopulation, 800–1050
Japan to 1600

William Wayne Farris

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines the implications of depopulation for Japanese state and society during the period 800–1050. It begins with an overview of the rise of aristocracy in Japan following the decline of the system supported by the Taihō Code and the establishment of the provincial headquarters as a police agency. It then considers changes in court politics between 805 and 1050, with particular emphasis on the rise of the Northern branch of the Fujiwara family to dominance. It also discusses the impact of population decline on the Japanese economy, including agriculture and industry, domestic and overseas commerce, and on class, kinship, and gender relations. The chapter concludes with an assessment of aristocratic culture and the plight of commoners during the period.

Keywords:   depopulation, Japanese state, Japanese society, aristocracy, population decline, Japanese economy, class, kinship, gender relations, commoners

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