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The Chinese Classic of Family ReverenceA Philosophical Translation of the Xiaojing$
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Henry Jr. Rosemont and Roger T. Ames

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832841

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832841.001.0001

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Governing through Family Reverence 《孝治章》‎

Governing through Family Reverence 《孝治章》‎

Chapter 8. Governing through Family Reverence 《孝治章》‎
The Chinese Classic of Family Reverence

Henry Rosemont

Roger T. Ames

University of Hawai'i Press

In this chapter, Confucius and Master Zeng are having a discussion about how the practice of xiao by governing officials obviates the need for real or threatened coercion in securing and maintaining a harmonious and well-ordered society. According to Confucius, “Of old when the enlightened (ming) kings used family reverence to bring proper order to the empire, they would not presume to neglect the ministers of the smallest state, how much less so the dukes, earls, and other members of the high nobility. Thus all of the different vassal states participated wholeheartedly in their service to these former kings.” Confucius explains how the enlightened kings used family reverence to bring proper order to the empire. He ends by citing a passage in the Book of Songs which says, “So admirable is the excellence (de) of his conduct that all of the states in the four quarters repair (shun) to him.”

Keywords:   xiao, Confucius, Master Zeng, governing officials, kings, family reverence, empire, Book of Songs, conduct

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