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The Chinese Classic of Family ReverenceA Philosophical Translation of the Xiaojing$
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Henry Jr. Rosemont and Roger T. Ames

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832841

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832841.001.0001

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The Lower Officials 《士章》‎

The Lower Officials 《士章》‎

Chapter 5 The Lower Officials 《士章》‎
The Chinese Classic of Family Reverence

Henry Rosemont

Roger T. Ames

University of Hawai'i Press

In this chapter, Confucius is having a conversation with Master Zeng about the family reverence of the lower officials. According to Confucius, “The lower officials drawing upon their devotion to their fathers to serve their mothers, the love (ai) they feel toward them is the same; drawing upon their devotion to their fathers to serve their lord, the respect (jing) they feel for them is the same.” He insists that service to the lord with family reverence is loyalty (zhong), whereas service to elders with family reverence is compliance (shun). Confucius ends by citing a passage in the Book of Songs which says, “Rise early and retire late to make sure you never disgrace those who gave you life.”

Keywords:   family reverence, Confucius, Master Zeng, lower officials, fathers, mothers, love, respect, loyalty, Book of Songs

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