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The Chinese Classic of Family ReverenceA Philosophical Translation of the Xiaojing$
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Henry Jr. Rosemont and Roger T. Ames

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832841

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832841.001.0001

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Elaborating upon “Consummate Excellence” 《廣至德章》‎

Elaborating upon “Consummate Excellence” 《廣至德章》‎

Chapter 13. Elaborating upon “Consummate Excellence” 《廣至德章》‎
The Chinese Classic of Family Reverence

Henry Rosemont

Roger T. Ames

University of Hawai'i Press

In this chapter, Confucius is explaining the concept of consummate excellence (de) to Master Zeng. According to Confucius, exemplary persons, or junzi, show respect for fathers in the empire through their teaching of family reverence. Junzi also show respect for every elder brother in the empire through their teaching of fraternal deference (ti), while their teaching of ministerial deference is their way of showing respect for every lord in the empire. Confucius ends by citing a passage in the Book of Songs which says, “The kind and congenial lord—he is the father and mother of the people. If he were not someone of consummate excellence, how could he be the person to bring such remarkable accord (shun) to the people?”

Keywords:   junzi, Confucius, consummate excellence, Master Zeng, exemplary persons, respect, family reverence, fraternal deference, ministerial deference, Book of Songs

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