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The Diplomacy of NationalismThe Six Companies and China’s Policy toward Exclusion$
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Yucheng Qin

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832742

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832742.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use.date: 15 October 2019

Introduction

Introduction

Chapter:
(p.1) Introduction
Source:
The Diplomacy of Nationalism
Author(s):

Yucheng Qin

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824832742.003.0009

This book is about the Chinese Six Companies in California and their policies and strategies to counter racism, from organizing its own community and developing modern nationalism, to teaching the Qing dynasty how modern nationalism should be pursued through diplomatic means. Focusing on the period before the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, the book explores how the Six Companies, also known as the Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association, resisted the anti-Chinese movement and challenged the discrimination they faced in the United States. It shows how the Six Companies, which began as huiguan (native-place associations), exerted a major influence in generating the nationalist turn of China’s approach to foreign relations in the nineteenth century. The book argues that the Six Companies’ transnational experience is intertwined with the histories of China, Sino-American relations, and Chinese Americans in the nineteenth century. It also examines the culturalism-to-nationalism thesis and emphasizes the significance of the transition from attachment to native place to nationalism in nineteenth-century America.

Keywords:   nationalism, Chinese Six Companies, racism, anti-Chinese movement, discrimination, huiguan, Sino-American relations, Chinese Americans, culturalism, nationalism

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