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The Diplomacy of NationalismThe Six Companies and China’s Policy toward Exclusion$
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Yucheng Qin

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832742

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832742.001.0001

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“As Skilled in Dialectics”

“As Skilled in Dialectics”

The Qing Legation, 1890–1906

(p.119) Chapter 7 “As Skilled in Dialectics”
The Diplomacy of Nationalism

Yucheng Qin

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines the inroads made by the Chinese Six Companies and the Qing legation in the field of diplomacy in the United States during the period 1890–1906. The Chinese diplomats won acclaim from Americans for being “as skilled in dialectics as the officials of the United States,” and “as keenly aware of their rights and as much disposed to insist upon the same.” This chapter considers the activities of the Qing legation in the 1890s, first by focusing on its advisers, and in particular those from the Six Companies. It then discusses the Chinese legation’s insistence on Chinese treaty rights, along with its lobbying efforts for a variety of issues such as the Chinese Exclusion Act. It also looks at the Qing legation’s attempt to reform Chinatown and concludes by assessing the role of the Six Companies in the Qing government’s immigration treaties with the United States.

Keywords:   diplomacy, Chinese Six Companies, Qing legation, United States, treaty rights, lobbying, reform, Chinatown, Qing government, immigration treaties

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