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The Diplomacy of NationalismThe Six Companies and China’s Policy toward Exclusion$
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Yucheng Qin

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832742

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832742.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use.date: 24 October 2021

A Meeting of Market Economies

A Meeting of Market Economies

The Arrival of the Gold Mountain Guests

(p.13) Chapter 1 A Meeting of Market Economies
The Diplomacy of Nationalism

Yucheng Qin

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines the causes of Chinese emigration to the United States in the nineteenth century. When the Chinese arrived on the west coast of the United States in the nineteenth century, these men, who came without bringing their families, called themselves jinshan ke (gold mountain [San Francisco] guests). The encroachment of capitalism and growing impoverishment were believed to have driven Chinese peasants to leave their villages and seek an industrialized environment. Now more and more scholars are challenging this theory. This chapter considers a number of factors that led Chinese immigrants to the United States, including the overseas expansion of the Cantonese market economy and the pull of California. It also discusses the role of the market economies of Guangdong, Britain, and California, with particular emphasis on Canton’s own commercial activities, British imperialism, and California’s developing capitalism.

Keywords:   capitalism, Chinese emigration, United States, Chinese immigrants, Canton, market economy, California, Guangdong, commercial activities, British imperialism

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