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Conquest and Pestilence in the Early Spanish Philippines$
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Linda A. Newson

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832728

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832728.001.0001

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Demographic Change in the Early Spanish Philippines

Demographic Change in the Early Spanish Philippines

(p.251) Chapter 14 Demographic Change in the Early Spanish Philippines
Conquest and Pestilence in the Early Spanish Philippines

Linda A. Newson

University of Hawai'i Press

This concluding chapter discusses demographic change in the Philippines during the early Spanish colonial period. The initial impact of Spanish conquest and the types of transformations the Spanish sought to bring to native societies in Southeast Asia and in the Americas were similar. However, the Philippines differed from Spanish America in terms of geographical location, physical configuration, and the character of its natural resources and societies. This chapter considers the factors that may have contributed to low population density throughout the Philippines, and Southeast Asia more generally, in pre-Spanish times, including famines and epidemics. It also examines temporal and regional population trends in the early Spanish Philippines, with particular emphasis on the initial impact of conquest, the demographic crisis of the seventeenth century, and demographic recovery in the eighteenth century. Finally, it analyzes demographic trends in the Philippines in the wider Southeast Asian context, suggesting that the islands suffered greater population decline in part due to the more pervasive nature of Spanish colonial rule.

Keywords:   demographic change, Philippines, Southeast Asia, population density, famine, epidemics, population trends, demographic trends, population decline, Spanish colonial rule

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