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Conquest and Pestilence in the Early Spanish Philippines$
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Linda A. Newson

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832728

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832728.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use.date: 18 October 2021

Ilocos and Pangasinan

Ilocos and Pangasinan

(p.179) Chapter 11 Ilocos and Pangasinan
Conquest and Pestilence in the Early Spanish Philippines

Linda A. Newson

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines the decline of populations in Ilocos and Pangasinan during the colonial period. It begins with an overview of Ilocos and Pangasinan in 1570, focusing on their geography, socioeconomic background, and population. It then considers Spanish interest in Ilocos due in part to the possibility of finding gold, along with the missionaries' conversion and administration work in Ilocos and Pangasinan. It also discusses the introduction of tribute, vandala, and polo in Ilocos and Pangasinan and concludes with an analysis of demographic trends in the two regions during Spanish times. The chapter suggests that population decline in Ilocos and Pangasinan may have been more apparent than real, and that both regions actually experienced population growth in the eighteenth century.

Keywords:   population, Ilocos, Pangasinan, missionaries, tribute, vandala, polo, demographic trends, population decline, population growth

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