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Conquest and Pestilence in the Early Spanish Philippines$
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Linda A. Newson

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832728

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832728.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

Pampanga and Bulacan

Pampanga and Bulacan

(p.166) Chapter 10 Pampanga and Bulacan
Conquest and Pestilence in the Early Spanish Philippines

Linda A. Newson

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines the decline of populations in Pampanga and Bulacan during Spanish times. Under Spanish colonial rule, the southern part of the Central Luzon Plain was shared by Pampangans, who lived to the west of the Pampanga River, and Tagalogs, who lived to the east. The population of the Central Luzon Plain was concentrated around Manila Bay. This chapter first considers the socioeconomic background of Pampanga and Bulacan in 1570, with particular emphasis on their populations. It then discusses the introduction of tribute, vandala, and polo in Pampanga and Bulacan, along with ecclesiastical administration in both jurisdictions. It also analyzes demographic trends in Pampanga and Bulacan during the period, paying attention to population decline in the seventeenth century.

Keywords:   population decline, Pampanga, Bulacan, Spanish colonial rule, population, tribute, vandala, polo, ecclesiastical administration, demographic trends

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