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Conquest and Pestilence in the Early Spanish Philippines$
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Linda A. Newson

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832728

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832728.001.0001

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(p.153) Chapter 9 Bikol
Conquest and Pestilence in the Early Spanish Philippines

Linda A. Newson

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines the decline of populations in Bikol during the Spanish conquest and colonization. The Spanish first came in contact with the Bikol region in 1567, when Martín de Goiti and Mateo de Saz were dispatched by Miguel López de Legazpi to pacify the islands of Leyte, Panay, and Masbate. Two years later Legazpi dispatched another expedition led by Captain Luis Enríquez de Guzman and the Augustinian friar Alonso Jiménez. This chapter first provides a background on the Bikol Peninsula in 1570, including its population and economic activities. It then considers the conversion efforts of missionaries in Bikol, along with the impact of Moro raids on the population. It also discusses demographic trends in Bikol, with particular emphasis on factors that could have contributed to the population decline in the region during Spanish times.

Keywords:   population decline, Bikol, population, economic activity, conversion, missionaries, Moro raids, demographic trends

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