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Conquest and Pestilence in the Early Spanish Philippines$
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Linda A. Newson

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832728

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832728.001.0001

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Southwest Luzon

Southwest Luzon

(p.133) Chapter 8 Southwest Luzon
Conquest and Pestilence in the Early Spanish Philippines

Linda A. Newson

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines the decline of populations in southwest Luzon during Spanish times. The history of southwest Luzon was closely intertwined with that of Manila. The friar estates that developed in the west of the region became major suppliers of provisions for the city and helped shape its economic and social structure. Spanish contacts with southwest Luzon began in 1570, when Juan de Salcedo and his exploratory expedition from Panay arrived on the island of Ilin, plundered the town of Mamburao in Mindoro, and destroyed some settlements on the island of Lubang. This chapter first provides an overview of southwest Luzon's geography, population, and socioeconomic profile in 1570 before discussing the development of friar estates in the region. It then assesses the impact of shipbuilding, polos, fugitivism, missions, and Moro raids on the demography of the region. It also analyzes demographic trends in southwest Luzon, with particular emphasis on factors that contributed to population decline, including epidemics and migration.

Keywords:   population decline, Luzon, friar estates, shipbuilding, polo, fugitivism, missions, Moro raids, demography, demographic trends

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