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Conquest and Pestilence in the Early Spanish Philippines$
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Linda A. Newson

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832728

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832728.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use.date: 19 October 2021

Manila and Tondo

Manila and Tondo

(p.115) Chapter 7 Manila and Tondo
Conquest and Pestilence in the Early Spanish Philippines

Linda A. Newson

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines the demographic impact of Spanish colonial rule on Manila and Tondo. When Miguel López de Legazpi decided to transfer the base of Spanish operation in the Philippines to Luzon, Manila became the islands' secular and ecclesiastical capital. The establishment of Manila radically transformed the way of life of the Tagalog inhabitants of what became the jurisdiction of Tondo. As a result, the region became the main focus of immigration by bureaucrats, priests, and traders, creating new demands for food, supplies, and labor. This chapter first provides a background on Manila's pre-conquest society as well as Tondo's population in 1570 before discussing the urban transformation of Manila Bay. It then considers the introduction of tribute, vandala, and polo to Manila and Tondo, along with the arrival of missionaries aimed at bringing about the Christian conversion of the people in Manila's hinterland. It also describes the development of agricultural estates and the evolution of Manila's urban economy and concludes by assessing demographic trends in Manila and Tondo during the period.

Keywords:   demographic trends, Spanish colonial rule, Manila, Tondo, population, tribute, vandala, polo, missionaries, urban economy

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