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Conquest and Pestilence in the Early Spanish Philippines$
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Linda A. Newson

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832728

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832728.001.0001

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Wars and Missionaries in the Seventeenth-Century Visayas

Wars and Missionaries in the Seventeenth-Century Visayas

(p.80) Chapter 6 Wars and Missionaries in the Seventeenth-Century Visayas
Conquest and Pestilence in the Early Spanish Philippines

Linda A. Newson

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines the impact of economic activities, missionary endeavors, and Moro raids on the demographic trajectories of the Visayas in the seventeenth century. Commercial economic activities in the western Visayas, especially Panay, were driven in large part by the needs of defense. Provisions and labor were required to maintain the garrisons established in the Visayas, Maluku, and Mindanao and to support naval expeditions. The needs of defense were greatest during the Hispano-Dutch War in the early seventeenth century, giving rise to a ship-building industry. This chapter first provides an overview of the building of garrisons and ships in seventeenth-century Visayas and goes on to discuss the impact of Moro raids on the local economy. It then considers Spanish ecclesiastical administration and missionaries' activities in the Eastern Visayas and Bohol, Panay, Cebu, and Negros. It also explores mortality and fertility trends in the Visayas, suggesting that the islands continued to experience population decline during the period.

Keywords:   economic activities, Moro raids, Visayas, garrisons, Hispano-Dutch War, ship building, missionaries, mortality, fertility, population decline

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