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Conquest and Pestilence in the Early Spanish Philippines$
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Linda A. Newson

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832728

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832728.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use.date: 19 October 2021

A World Apart?

A World Apart?

(p.3) Chapter 1 A World Apart?
Conquest and Pestilence in the Early Spanish Philippines

Linda A. Newson

University of Hawai'i Press

This book examines the demographic impact of Spanish colonial rule on the Philippines. It shows that Spain's conquest and colonization of the Philippines brought fundamental changes to the political, economic, social, and cultural life of the islands. It argues that the Filipino population suffered a greater decline in the early Spanish period than has previously been thought and that the prolonged decline brought significant changes to Filipino society even in regions that were distant from Manila. It also contends that the factors underpinning demographic trends in the Spanish Philippines were different from those in other parts of the Southeast Asian archipelago. To bolster its argument that the Spanish conquest resulted in significant population decline, the book undertakes a detailed analysis of the population in each island and region in 1565. It also suggests that the nature of Spanish rule in the Philippines was to a certain extent different from that in most parts of Spanish America.

Keywords:   population decline, Spanish colonial rule, Philippines, Spanish conquest, demographic trends, Spanish Philippines, Southeast Asia, Spanish America, Spain, Filipino population

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