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Divided by a Common Language – Factional Conflict in Late Northern Song China - Hawaii Scholarship Online
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Divided by a Common Language: Factional Conflict in Late Northern Song China

Ari Daniel Levine


Between 1044 and 1104, ideological disputes divided China's sociopolitical elite, who organized into factions battling for control of the imperial government. Advocates and adversaries of state reform forged bureaucratic coalitions to implement their policy agendas and to promote like-minded colleagues. During this period, three emperors and two regents in turn patronized a new bureaucratic coalition that overturned the preceding ministerial regime and its policies. This ideological and political conflict escalated with every monarchical transition in a widening circle of retribution. This boo ... More

Keywords: China, ideological dispute, factions, imperial government, state reform, late Northern Song, factionalism, sociopolitical elite, Ming dynasty, Qing dynasty

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2008 Print ISBN-13: 9780824832667
Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016 DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824832667.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Ari Daniel Levine, author
University of Georgia