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How Zen Became ZenThe Dispute over Enlightenment and the Formation of Chan Buddhism in Song-Dynasty China$
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Morten Schlütter

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832551

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832551.001.0001

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The Caodong Tradition as the Target of Attacks by the Linji Tradition

The Caodong Tradition as the Target of Attacks by the Linji Tradition

(p.122) Chapter 6 The Caodong Tradition as the Target of Attacks by the Linji Tradition
How Zen Became Zen

Morten Schlütter

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines how the Linji tradition targeted the entire new Caodong tradition with their criticism of silent illumination. Available sources suggest that other members of the Linji lineage began attacking the silent illumination teachings of the new Caodong tradition even prior to the time of Dahui Zonggao. However, Dahui's attacks ushered in a whole new era in the relations between the different Chan traditions. With his fierce attacks on the Caodong tradition, Dahui was the first to break the code of harmony that the Chan school had been able to maintain throughout the earlier part of the Song. This surely was noted across Song-dynasty elite society, and many literati and officials may have felt uncomfortable with it.

Keywords:   Linji tradition, Caodong tradition, silent illumination, Linji lineage, Dahui Zonggao, harmony, Chan school

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