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How Zen Became ZenThe Dispute over Enlightenment and the Formation of Chan Buddhism in Song-Dynasty China$
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Morten Schlütter

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832551

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832551.001.0001

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A New Chan Tradition

A New Chan Tradition

The Reinvention of the Caodong Lineage in the Song

(p.78) Chapter 4 A New Chan Tradition
How Zen Became Zen

Morten Schlütter

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter discusses the revival of the Caodong tradition. Having almost died out, its lineage was resurrected at the end of the eleventh century, and within decades it became one of the most powerful groups of elite monastic Buddhism in Song China. As part of its revival process, the tradition reexamined its own past. Adjustments were made in the transmission line, and the virtue and importance of the last two past masters, Touzi Yiqing and Dayang Jingxuan, were promoted through new biographies and, eventually, through collections of their recorded sayings. In this way, the new Caodong tradition shaped and redefined its lineage, enhanced its prestige, and strengthened its claim to legitimacy.

Keywords:   Caodong tradition, elite monastic Buddhism, Song China, Touzi Yiqing, Dayang Jingxuan

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