- Title Pages
1The Notion of Shari‘a
2Is There Unity of Islam and the State?
3Dissonant Implementation of Shari‘a
4Between Nation and Millet
5Islamization in Indonesia
6Different Conceptions of Nationalism
7Formation of the Indonesian State
8Reproducing the Millet System
10Bringing Back the ‘Seven Words’
11The Failure of Amendment
12Limiting Human Rights
13The Institutionalization of Zakat
14Managing the Collection of Zakat
15Legislating Zakat Payment
16Overlapping Zakat and Taxation
17Formalizing Shari‘a Locally Through Ulama
18Ulama and Qanun Lawmaking
19After the Tsunami
- About the Author
- Production Notes
- (p.169) Conclusion
- Challenging the Secular State
- University of Hawai'i Press
This concluding chapter reviews the dissonances found in the motivations behind the process of Islamization. These dissonances essentially arise because of the difficulty in reconciling the centrality of sharia for pious Muslims with the fundamental importance of the plural religious system that is at the heart of Indonesia as a secular state. To highlight this concern, the chapter presents the key findings of this study and seeks to demonstrate the complexity of legal and political dissonance in the implementation of sharia in Indonesia. Finally, the chapter demonstrates how religious practices and sociopolitical life in Indonesia have been reconfigured by attempts to Islamize laws, and how this has meant as much an Indonesianization of shariʻa as an Islamization of Indonesia.
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