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Challenging the Secular StateThe Islamization of Law in Modern Indonesia$
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Arskal Salim

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832377

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832377.001.0001

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Formalizing Shari‘a Locally Through Ulama

Formalizing Shari‘a Locally Through Ulama

(p.143) 17 Formalizing Shari‘a Locally Through Ulama
Challenging the Secular State

Arskal Salim

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter shows how the Acehnese ulama (religious scholars) have used political power to implement shariʻa and define and shape the life of Muslim Acehnese in compliance with Islamic shariʻa. In the first years after the independence of Indonesia in 1945, it became clear that the ulama controlled the local government in Aceh. The ulama have played a major role in mobilizing the expression of Islamic identity to pursue special concessions from the central government of Indonesia, that is, to formalize the implementation of sharia in Aceh. In so doing, the Acehnese ulama have sought to re-emphasize their significant role in influencing society and in asserting the discrete identity of the Muslim Acehnese.

Keywords:   ulama, Aceh, Acehnese ulama, Muslim Acehnese, Islamic identity, sharia

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