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Challenging the Secular StateThe Islamization of Law in Modern Indonesia$
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Arskal Salim

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832377

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832377.001.0001

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Overlapping Zakat and Taxation

Overlapping Zakat and Taxation

(p.133) 16 Overlapping Zakat and Taxation
Challenging the Secular State

Arskal Salim

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter focuses on the double burden of zakat and tax for Muslims living in a modern nation-state. Their obligatory zakat payments have overlapped with their commitment as citizens to pay taxes to the government of a modern nation-state. Responding to this problem, the Council of Indonesian Ulama (MUI) held a seminar on zakat in 1988 and affirmed that zakat and tax are different obligations and that Indonesian Muslims are obliged to pay zakat as well as to pay tax. Therefore, one must hand out zakat to realize the religious injunction, and at the same time one must also pay tax to show obedience as a citizen of the secular country. This opinion has burdened Muslims with a dual taxation system, and as a result, many Muslims have overlooked the zakat payment but chosen to pay tax, or vice versa.

Keywords:   zakat, taxation, taxes, Council of Indonesian Ulama, Indonesian Muslims, dual taxation system

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