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Challenging the Secular StateThe Islamization of Law in Modern Indonesia$
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Arskal Salim

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832377

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832377.001.0001

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Managing the Collection of Zakat

Managing the Collection of Zakat

(p.120) 14 Managing the Collection of Zakat
Challenging the Secular State

Arskal Salim

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter briefly traces the historical background of the practice of zakat in Indonesia before independence. The nature of zakat practices in the early centuries after the coming of Islam to Indonesia remains largely unknown. There is no evidence that zakat had been formally transformed into an official tax regularly collected by Muslim kingdoms. Instead, zakat was voluntarily practiced and no Muslim was compelled to pay it. The chapter posits some reasons for this, such as the relative lack of colonial intervention in zakat practice, before turning to a discussion on zakat administration under the New Order regime. In both periods, the chapter examines the finer details of managing the collection of zakat under different administrations.

Keywords:   zakat, zakat collection, Muslim kingdoms, pre-independence Indonesia, colonial intervention, New Order regime, President Soeharto, zakat management

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