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Challenging the Secular StateThe Islamization of Law in Modern Indonesia$
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Arskal Salim

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832377

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832377.001.0001

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The Institutionalization of Zakat

The Institutionalization of Zakat

(p.115) 13 The Institutionalization of Zakat
Challenging the Secular State

Arskal Salim

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter explains how the institutionalization of zakat turns out to be a means of Islamization in Indonesia. In doing so, the chapter makes a comparative reference to the experience of Pakistan in legislating zakat. The lexicological meaning of zakat is “to purify,” albeit with connotations of “growth” or “increase.” Technically, zakat means to give up a fixed proportion of one's wealth to certain determined recipients. What is meant to be purified is the accumulated wealth, thus zakat is both a kind of tax on wealth, as well as a pious act (ʻibadah). It is prescribed for every Muslim who possesses or keeps certain assets such as gold, silver, jewelry, cash, livestock, and agricultural produce to pay zakat for each one-year period in their ownership.

Keywords:   zakat, institutionalization, Pakistan, legislating zakat, ʻibadah, Islamization

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