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Challenging the Secular StateThe Islamization of Law in Modern Indonesia$
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Arskal Salim

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832377

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832377.001.0001

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Different Conceptions of Nationalism

Different Conceptions of Nationalism

(p.51) 6 Different Conceptions of Nationalism
Challenging the Secular State

Arskal Salim

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter presents debates over the idea of nationalism and Islam–state relations in pre-independence Indonesia (from the 1920s to the early 1940s). It identifies a widespread conviction that nationalism in Muslim countries was a direct result of the foreign, non-Muslim colonialism of Islamic lands. Thus, in the light of colonialism, nationalism was often understood as a shared response of Muslim peoples to the foreign infidel power. This nationalism devoted to resisting Western imperialism was furthermore compatible with Islam in its traditional, in its religious, and its social and every other aspect. For this reason, it is no wonder that as early as the twentieth century some Muslim leaders in Indonesia were prone to perceive Islam automatically as nation.

Keywords:   nationalism, colonialism, Islam–state relations, pre-independence Indonesia, Western imperialism, Muslim countries

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