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Challenging the Secular StateThe Islamization of Law in Modern Indonesia$
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Arskal Salim

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832377

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832377.001.0001

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Between Nation and Millet

Between Nation and Millet

(p.33) 4 Between Nation and Millet
Challenging the Secular State

Arskal Salim

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter discusses the millet system of the Ottoman Empire and its transformation to the nation-state. This is because, first, it shows a particular historical environment where religious law was applied for its adherents, and second, it shows that the dissonance of the secular idea of state with the religious concept of nation had its origin in the millet system. The chapter emphasizes the distinction between the traditional world order (millet) and the modern world order (nation); likewise, it describes how global values have also dramatically changed from discriminative practices and social segregation to more fully embrace universal values of equality, pluralism, and non-discrimination. Furthermore, the chapter demonstrates how many religious leaders were unaware of the implication of this shift and continued to seek privileges for their positions, which were no longer justifiable as the transition took place.

Keywords:   millet system, Ottoman Empire, nation-state, global values, modernity

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