- Title Pages
1The Notion of Shari‘a
2Is There Unity of Islam and the State?
3Dissonant Implementation of Shari‘a
4Between Nation and Millet
5Islamization in Indonesia
6Different Conceptions of Nationalism
7Formation of the Indonesian State
8Reproducing the Millet System
10Bringing Back the ‘Seven Words’
11The Failure of Amendment
12Limiting Human Rights
13The Institutionalization of Zakat
14Managing the Collection of Zakat
15Legislating Zakat Payment
16Overlapping Zakat and Taxation
17Formalizing Shari‘a Locally Through Ulama
18Ulama and Qanun Lawmaking
19After the Tsunami
- About the Author
- Production Notes
- (p.1) Introduction
- Challenging the Secular State
- University of Hawai'i Press
This introductory chapter provides various explanations for calls for the implementation of religious law (sharia) in a modern nation-state. Since the rise of the modern nation-state in the nineteenth century, the supremacy of holy laws has been endlessly challenged. There has been a growing debate about whether the law of a state should remain closely related to religion or be wholly detached from it. In Indonesia, home to more Muslims than any other nation in the world, attempts to give sharia a constitutional status have been undertaken several times since the nation's independence on August 17, 1945. With Indonesia as the central venue of discussion, the chapter delves into the theoretical approaches to be undertaken by this volume in exploring the relationship between religious law and the nation-state.
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