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Crossing Empire's EdgeForeign Ministry Police and Japanese Expansionism in Northeast Asia$
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Erik Esselstrom

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832315

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832315.001.0001

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Patterns of Police Work in Late Chosŏn Korea

Patterns of Police Work in Late Chosŏn Korea

(p.13) 1 Patterns of Police Work in Late Chosŏn Korea
Crossing Empire's Edge

Erik Esselstrom

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines patterns found in later processes of imperial encroachment within the evolution of the Japanese consular police in preannexation Korea and their relation to developments on the home islands. It first considers the reasons for the initial establishment of consular police forces in the port cities opened by Japan's unequal treaties with Korea during the early 1880s, along with the general characteristics of the police force and the nature of their activities. It then describes the rapid increase in consular police personnel after the Sino-Japanese War of 1894–1895 and goes on to discuss the expansion of consular police infrastructure during the Russo-Japanese War era. It also explores the role of the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs in paving the way for the annexation of Korea. The chapter suggests that the pattern of consular police expansion followed by colonial conquest was a prelude to Japan's imperial project in China and Manchuria.

Keywords:   consular police, Korea, Japan, treaties, Sino-Japanese War, Russo-Japanese War, Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, China, Manchuria, annexation

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